First of all—and this is easy to overlook; I often make the l-to-r mistake when I forget to pay attention to what I’m doing—READ ROW INSTRUCTIONS LEFT-TO-RIGHT ON EVEN ROWS, RIGHT-TO-LEFT ON ODD ROWS.

These colors usually appear only on three-layer warp (3LW) patterns:


Blue = OVER

White or Gray PLAIN weave

Green = optional Under

Light Blue = optional Over — not used very often

Here are some examples:

Star Valley

Berries with 2 Diamonds

Diamonds Stitch 2

Heart Band Bar X variation


These colors usually appear only on two-layer warp (2LW) patterns:

Red or Pink= UNDER

Blue or Light Blue  or White = OVER

Lavender = optional Over or Under — not used very often

Here is an example:

Heart Columns with reverse

I use red or blue to indicate when more than one warp is skipped; pink and light blue indicate plain weave stitches within the pattern. Because I paint each square individually when designing my patterns, I don’t always fill in all the squares, thus white squares indicate plain weave Over stitches.


The following illustration explains the numbers across the top and bottom of the chart.

Cross My Heart 3

2 Thoughts on “How to Read the Pattern Diagrams

  1. Aloha, I just started working on a zoom loom. I love that it has patterns and would start learning how to do this. I have a 4 shaft weaving loom but it is not portable. I am looking forward working more on this. Mahalo!

    • Sue Burton on 4 September 2018 at 2:53 PM said:

      Hi! Sorry it took me so long to reply to your comment. My two blogs suffered a break-in and I was FLOODED with comments from bizarre to profane. I got a bit nervous even with comments that sounded legitimate.

      I hope my blog helps you as learn to use a pin loom. You may also want to consult the Facebook Pin Loom Weaving Support Group if you use Facebook and like to socialize.

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